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Lincoln Psychology Researchers Reveal the Science of “Fake Fake” Photographs



Whether it’s a blue and black dress – or white and gold depending on your take – or a pair of legs streaked with white paint, eagle-eyed viewers are always keen to debate a visual illusion when these puzzling images appear online.

A new study published today reveals the science behind another ‘trick of the light’ that made high-profile photographs of a major piece of public art appear ‘faked’ to some people despite the pictures being entirely genuine.

Vision science researchers from the University of Lincoln examined photographs of the art installation, Blade, which took pride of place in the centre of Hull earlier this year. Their interest was triggered when some pictures published online of the work – a 75-metre long, 25-tonne wind turbine blade – made the object appear to be super-imposed.

The researchers found that this visual illusion was caused by the particular way light reflected from the blade, which then played on pre-conceived notions people have of how objects are lit in natural settings, effectively altering the object’s shape to the human eye.

Daylight hitting the object from above produced shading which created the illusion that the blade was cylindrical, and was being lit from the side rather than above. This subtly reinforced the visual impression that the blade was out-of-place, and that the image of the blade and its backdrop must therefore be a composite of two different scenes.

To demonstrate this, researchers created virtual versions of a cylindrical C-shaped profile and a more complex S-shaped profile, and produced two images of each shape, one lit from above and the other lit from the front. The images demonstrated that the S-shape when lit from above and the C-shape when lit from the front both appeared cylindrical.

Professor of Vision Science, George Mather, from the University of Lincoln’s School of Psychology, said: “I saw pictures of the installation in the media, and at first sight the photographs seemed to be clumsy fakes. Something else seemed to be at work too, at least to my eyes as a vision scientist.

“The blade appeared to be a cylindrical object, strangely out-of-keeping with the local environment, lit differently, as though it was superimposed on the scene digitally, but it really was there.

“We had an idea about what it was that conveyed this impression – light and shadow on the blade which is apparently inconsistent with the surroundings. The computer generated images were a way of testing the idea.”

The blade was made by turbine manufacturer Siemens and placed in Victoria Square as a major public art installation to mark the start of Hull’s year as the UK City of Culture 2017. Artist Nayan Kulkarni created the installation for Look Up, a programme of temporary artworks designed for Hull’s public spaces and places. It used one of the first B75 rotor blades manufactured in Hull.

The research on the causes of the blade visual illusion was published in the scientific journal i-Perception on Thursday 25th May 2017.

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Sport Development and Coaching Graduate Video

Sophie very kindly agreed to meet with us to talk about what she has been doing since she graduated from the University of Lincoln and to offer advice to other students who are studying Sport Development and Coaching. We are really proud of everything Sophie has achieved since graduating and we wish her the very best for the future!

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Young Scholars’ Conference


University of Lincoln Health and Social Care students took the opportunity to present their dissertation findings to peers, including a board of academics from Moscow State University of Education via a live web link. Students presented on a range of topics, including how lifestyles portrayed on social media can affect self-esteem and lead to eating disorders. Participants received useful feedback and were given the opportunity to expand on their research during a Q&A at the end of each presentation, as well as potentially having their findings published in conference papers.

Congratulations to everyone who took part

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School of Education Launch of the ULERN Journal

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The School of Education invites you to attend the launch of the University of Lincoln Educational Research Network (ULERN) Journal on Thursday 25th May, 2017 at 5pm in the Stephen Langton Building, Reception Area. Refreshments will be provided.

RSVP – Bev Potterton: by the 23rd May 12.00 noon

The ULERN Journal provides a forum for the publication of educational research that is taking place within the School of Education and aims to encourage, celebrate and disseminate research, scholarly activity, and pedagogical practice that is in keeping with and aligns with the School’s and College’s commitment to excellence in education and student experience.

The first edition of the ULERN Journal includes papers that originated as action research projects undertaken by recently graduated PGCE secondary trainee teachers (2015/2016). The action research papers report on issues relating to secondary teaching and their development as reflective practitioners and educational researchers. The PGCE programmes have been designed and developed in collaboration with our partner School Centred Initial Teacher Training (SCITT) providers, St George’s Academy Partnership and Lincolnshire Teaching School Alliance (LTSA).

The ULERN Journal is funded by the College of Social Science Teaching and Learning Innovation Fund 2016/2017.

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Health & Social Care Graduate Case Study



Going to university was one of the best things I have ever done. My confidence grew in so many ways. My first year was very much finding my feet and getting used to the university lifestyle whereas second and third year was when I began getting involved in extra-curricular activities. During my time at Lincoln I was able to get involved in as many aspects as I could. I completed the Lincoln Award and I was a Course Rep for all 3 years at university. I was also part of the Gymnastics Society during my second and third year and I began volunteering in the Students’ Union Advice Centre for 9 months during my third year. Lastly I also ran in the Students’ Union elections for Welfare and Community. My experiences at university have most definitely helped me secure a graduate entry job post.

Employment Experience

I have been working for the University of Lincoln Students’ Union since July 2016 and my position within the organisation is an Employability Co-ordinator. I am responsible for ensuring that students at the university are feeling supported in relation to their employability prospects during university and after graduation. The Students’ Union provides many services that are here to support students during their time at university. My main responsibilities include presenting talks to students about Work Ready by showing them that taking part in extra-curricular activities, attending training sessions and workshops can all help them be more employable. I am also responsible for parts of the volunteering department; I make the referrals for students to organisations where they want to volunteer. I also coordinate training sessions that the Students’ Union provides. I spend time writing Work Ready materials for events such as the Refresher Fayre and other events. My daily tasks will include meeting with other academics within the university, attending lectures to talk about Work Ready, contacting students and referring them on to organisations where they wish to volunteer and spending time in the volunteer drop in – students are able to come and speak to me about any queries that they may have in relation to volunteering. There are a lot of administrative aspects to my job such as using the Students’ Union online management system, updating spreadsheets, responding to emails, calling students and organisations, arranging meetings and putting them in relevant people’s diaries. I also have a grade 4 salary for this job role.

Using University of Lincoln’s Career Services

I used the Careers Service to complete the Lincoln Award. When I was completing the award it allowed me to receive advice from the Skills Advisors, which helped me in relation to adapting my interview approach. If I could go back to university I wish that I had used the Careers Service more.

Best Career Advice

The greatest advice that I could give job-seeking graduates is how significant volunteering can be. I spent 9 months volunteering in the Students’ Union Advice Centre and it was the best thing that I could have done. From volunteering it allowed the organisation to be aware of who I was and think of me when jobs would come up. Volunteering definitely gave me a step up in securing my job that I have now. Employers truly value graduates that have volunteered because it shows them that you would be a great individual to employ. You have given up your own time for no financial gain and you are willing to give up your time to help others.

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Lincoln Criminology Case Study



I have graduated for a degree in Criminology which was based on extensive research methods, projects, presentations and conferences. The degree provided me with excellent foundation of knowledge and expertise on subjects such as Social Inequality, Penal Policy and the Criminal Justice System. The Criminology degree has significantly contributed to my work transferable skills. During my second year of studies I have started to volunteer for Victim Support as I wanted to put my Criminology degree to good use and gain some experience. I was always passionate about helping people, especially the most vulnerable people in our society. By volunteering for Victim support I have developed essential creativity and integrity skills.

Employment Experience

In my current role I am responsible for undertaking comprehensive assessments of clients and to commission a range of services to support identified needs. I am trained to support complex cases including Domestic Violence and Sexual Violence. Since I have worked for Victim Support I supported a number of Domestic Violence clients whose English is not the first language. I have been able to communicate with clients in both English and Polish language.

Victim Support provides access to excellent inductions and learning opportunities to help you develop and grow in your role.

Best Career Advice

My best advice is to get as much experience as you can before you graduate. This will allow you to acquire and develop the necessary skills and knowledge needed for your dream job. I would also suggest choosing something that you are interested in. There are a lot of websites which can be used in helping you to find the right voluntary role, placement or work experience.

Victim Support is always looking to recruit new volunteers who would be fully trained before going to the new role. All new volunteers are expected to take 5 days core training. After completing the core training you may choose to go on further training such as ; Domestic Violence, Sexual Violence, Hate Crime as well as supporting children and young people.

You can learn more about Lincolnshire Victim Support, including information about how to volunteer on their website

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Principal Lecturer in Psychology Dr Garry Wilson Elected Dean of LALT


The first elected Dean of the Lincoln Academy of Learning and Teaching (LALT) will be Dr Garry Wilson, Principal Lecturer in Psychology.

Garry was successfully elected following an open vote within the teaching and learning community at Lincoln and will serve an 18-month-term as Dean. Garry will take up his new position later this summer.

Dr Garry Wilson said: “To have been shortlisted alongside colleagues of the standing and expertise as the other candidates was a great honour, so you can imagine my delight to have been elected as the inaugural Dean of LALT. This role is a responsibility that I do not take lightly. I am thrilled to have been given this opportunity to bring together colleagues’ expertise and views on Learning and Teaching in the University and I look forward to working with you all over the 18 months of my tenure.”

Four candidates were selected for the election which was led through Academic Board – these were Ms Lisa Gaughan, Dr Kirsty Miller, Dr John C Murray and Dr Garry Wilson. More than 250 colleagues voted in the election, the highest turn out for an Academic Board election to date.

Deputy Vice Chancellor Professor Sue Rigby said: “I would like to congratulate Garry and his fellow candidates for an outstanding election. The calibre of the four candidates was exceptional, and a true reflection of the teaching quality at Lincoln. It was a closely fought contest, and I would like to thank every colleague who engaged in the election process.

“Garry brings significant experience of teaching at Lincoln and exemplifies the importance of student engagement in his work. As LALT continues to embed within the University community, we look forward to working closely with Garry and his team to continue to build our reputation for teaching innovation and good practice.”

On behalf of the College we’d like to congratulate Garry on his new post and we wish him the very best of luck

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Linc On Staff Rewards Stand in the Atrium


University of Lincoln Rewards team have a stand in the Atrium today to promote the new Linc On scheme, which offers various discounts and benefits for University staff. There will be plenty of freebies up for grabs as well as a chance to win in their competition.


For more information about Linc On and to register, just go to the website

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University of Lincoln Ranked in Top 50 by Complete University Guide 2018!


We are delighted to see that the University of Lincoln has been ranked in the top 50 by the Complete University Guide 2018, which rates universities on quality measures important to students, including overall student satisfaction and graduate prospects.

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The ranking recognises individual courses, taking into account, among other things, student-staff ratio, research quality/intensity and facilities spend. We were particularly excited to see that the School of Sport and Exercise Science had jumped a massive 13 places since last year to be ranked 19th in the UK! A huge achievement of which we are all incredibly proud.

You can view the full rankings at the Complete University Guide website.

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Lincoln Law Graduate Case Study



I came to the University of Lincoln in September 2006 having lived in Lincolnshire since the age of ten. Whilst at University, I took an active role in the Law Clinic and the Law Society, although from what I can see of the current Law Society things have grown vastly since I graduated.

During University I was offered a fortnight’s placement at a law firm where my parents lived in Sutton on Sea called Grange Wintringham. I worked mostly in the conveyancing and private client departments and thoroughly enjoyed it. At the end of my placement I asked whether it would be possible for me to come back and they offered me a paid position to do holiday cover whenever I wasn’t at University. I did this for three years.

After University I went to Nottingham Law School where I completed my LPC. In the summer of 2010 I was offered a permanent position with Grange Wintringham initially as their receptionist and branch cashier. I then went on to pick up dictations for the conveyancing and private client departments when the reception was quiet. This progressed to me dealing with all registrations for all properties that the office completed.

Around Easter of 2011 (almost a year after finishing my LPC) I received a telephone call from a firm called Frearsons based in Skegness asking if I would like to come in to discuss a training contract. Traditionally Frearson’s didn’t take on Trainees, but when I was 16, my school organized a week’s work experience with them. Not long after starting my LPC, I sent my CV (noting this work experience) and a covering letter to the managing partner enquiring as to a training contract anyway. As I didn’t hear from them, I thought that the letter had been unsuccessful until I received this phone call almost two years later out of the blue.

I initially started with Frearsons on a three month probationary period with my training contract being signed at the end of it.

I had six months’ time to count towards my training contract so 18 months later I qualified as a solicitor. Unfortunately Frearsons were making redundancies at the time so they were unable to offer me a position as a qualified solicitor.

I duly signed up to an agency who managed to procure me three interviews for newly qualified private client solicitor positions and I got two job offers on the back of it. I chose to come to Chattertons where I am now.

I have worked for Chattertons for four years now and last year received a promotion to Associate Solicitor

Employment Experience

My current role is heavily client facing. It is usual for me to meet with at least 3 or 4 clients a day. My main role is to deal with Private Client enquiries, this includes, Wills, Probate, Powers of Attorney, Court of Protection, Trusts and Tax. Every client who comes in has different requirements and so every day is different. I may think a client is coming in to talk to me about a simple Will and it turns out that they actually need to have advice about inheritance tax planning, or they need help with a complicated trust arrangement.

As part of my job I do a lot of home and hospital visits.

As a solicitor I am expected to do a certain level of marketing and networking. This is incorporated into my job role and can be anything from attending a structured networking event, to a country show, to taking a contact out for lunch. As I have progressed in my career, my marketing strategy has changed. When I first came to Chattertons, I did much more structured networking to get my name out and to meet contacts. Now that I am established in the firm, I concentrate on much more personal one to one networking and getting to know contacts over a coffee or lunch. I also write articles for the firm’s website.

I absolutely love working for Chattertons, there are lots of benefits to working for them. I have found that they are extremely flexible and appreciate that you need a work/life balance. They have recently introduced benefits for all staff including BUPA Private Health Cover and Death in Service Benefit that just gives some reassurance that my family would be looked after if I wasn’t here.

Using University of Lincoln’s Career Services

Careers Services used: Assistance with CV Writing; Interviewing Practice; Attendance at Law Fairs

I found the assistance invaluable to ensure that my CV was set out correctly. A CV is usually the first thing that a prospective employer sees and it is important that it is right.

It is also key that you practice for an interview. You need to make sure that you come across as confident and the only way to do that is through practice!

When I was at the University, they put on trips to various law fairs and I would recommend that you take them up on that. You will get to learn about the different types of practices that are out there and see what type of practice is for you. For me, I wanted to be able to enjoy family life as well as have a career, so it was fairly obvious early on that I wasn’t going to go to London and work for a city firm. You will also be able to hone those networking skills as you start to meet new people, that will become invaluable for your career going forward.

Best Career Advice

My best advice is to never give up. You may think that all of the applications are going to come to nothing, but you never know when an employer will pick up your CV and covering letter and give you a call.

I also recommend that you apply for any job in a solicitor’s office just to get some experience of what it is like to work for them. It doesn’t matter in the job is not what you envisage doing forever. This will give you invaluable insight into the workings of a law firm and it might open up other opportunities for you such as internal positions that may become available. Chattertons do take on trainees on a regular basis, but they are also keen to promote their paralegals to trainees if they show an aptitude for the job.

Find more information about the University of Lincoln Careers and Employability Service here

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