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Lincoln Law’s Duncan French and Graham Melling Visit China


Professor Duncan French, Head of Lincoln Law School and Dr Graham Melling, Director of LLM Programmes, have recently returned from Guangzhou, southern China on a visit to a number of partner institutions. During their stay they visited the law schools of South China Normal University (SCNU) and South China University of Technology (SCUT). As well as meeting academics and students to talk about opportunities to study at Lincoln, both Professor French and Dr Melling took a range of classes on aspects of international law. Topics included the unilateral declaration of independence of Catalonia, the US withdrawal from the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change, and the legal implications of the Sustainable Development Goals.

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Health and Social Care Meet the Graduates

We had a brilliant time meeting some of our Health and Social Care alumni. It was incredible to hear about all of the things they have been doing since graduation, from running successful business enterprises to exciting research projects. We are really proud of what each has achieved and we look forward to finding out what they do next.

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LALT Showcase: Education in a Digital Age

Staff and students are invited to attend the first LALT Showcase: Education in a Digital Age on Tuesday 7th November.

Academic and professional services colleagues from across the University will provide examples of innovative digital practice, including hands-on IT support, practical digital demonstrations, workshops from University software suppliers such as Panopto, Turnitin, and Talis, and an opportunity to experience cutting edge virtual reality (VR) technologies.

The Showcase is open to all on a drop-in basis, however workshop spaces are limited due to space restrictions and so staff are encouraged to book ahead.  For the full agenda and to book onto workshops please visit:

The Showcase takes place in the Engine Shed from 10am to 4.30pm. Refreshments will be available throughout the day.

Follow @UoL_LALT and #DigiEd17 for event updates.

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Lincoln Law investigates if all ISIS members are lawful targets for lethal force


University of Lincoln Law lecturer, Max Brookman-Byrne questions whether the targeting of ISIS members by lethal force is lawful.

The recent deaths of Sally Jones, a member of Islamic State, and her 12-year-old son serve as a reminder that the law on the targeting of militants by armed drones is still fraught with ambiguity stemming from the asymmetrical nature of modern global conflict.

In situations where there is an armed conflict, a particular set of international laws apply known as International Humanitarian Law (IHL). These rules give states greater scope to use lethal force, which ordinarily would be highly constrained. During armed conflicts, IHL allows members of a state’s armed forces — ie recognised armed forces attached to the country’s leadership — to be targeted at any time. There are restrictions in place that prevent medical or religious personnel from being targeted.

This same categorical approach is not permitted when it comes to members of non-state armed groups. As they are not members of a state’s armed forces, the members of these groups are viewed as civilians in law. Within IHL, civilians are protected against attack and therefore may not be targeted unless they directly participate in hostilities.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has interpreted “direct participation in hostilities” to mean that members of non-state armed groups will lose their protection as civilians only if they carry out a “continuous combat function”. Some have argued that the ICRC approach is too restrictive, placing dangerous individuals outside the list of legitimate targets. The United States, for instance, argues that formal membership of a non-state armed group such as Isis, even in a non-combat role, should be sufficient reasoning for someone to forfeit their civilian protection. Others have argued that the ICRC approach is too broad and that an individual should be targeted only if they are carrying out a specific hostile act, not just by virtue of their membership.

Considering the complexities of this debate, ultimately the ICRC’s position can be seen to occupy a middle ground between these two perspectives, and is therefore a useful tool for analysis.

The question remains, however, what is considered to be a participation in hostilities? Can it be defined as the participation in a specific hostile act, carrying out a continuous combat function or can it be interpreted much more broadly, to include the participation in propaganda?

The rise of social media has added another dimension to modern conflict. For militant groups such as Isis social media is a widely utilised vehicle of recruitment and propaganda, used to encourage individuals to travel to war zones, training camps or to carry out attacks on the home soil of perceived enemies.

While it is clear that this is neither a responsible, nor ethical activity for a person to participate in, and is also likely to be criminal under domestic law, the question must be raised — does the direct involvement in the creation or distribution of propaganda render someone a lawful target for lethal force?

The interpretation of the ICRC specifically argues that recruitment and propaganda activities do not equate to a continuous combat function, nor to direct participation in hostilities, which would suggest not.

IHL is designed to limit hostilities, not enable them. It should not be treated as a set of rules giving broad powers to states to target individuals, but as a body of law to protect those affected by conflict. This is particularly so in terms of conflicts between a state and a non-state armed group, in which there is more scope for civilians to become affected by, and embroiled in, conflict.

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College Teaching Innovation Fund 2017-2018


We are pleased to announce the release of the College Teaching Innovation Fund for 2017-2018. Established to support developments in teaching and learning which are innovative, sustainable, and transferable we welcome applications from colleagues across the College that support our aim of delivering real and immediate benefit to teaching, learning and the student experience.

Click here to see selected case studies from last year.

Your school, under the leadership of your Director of Teaching and Learning, has been allocated funding to support your activities. We therefore encourage you to liaise with them to develop your projects, identify teaching resources that may have impact within your school, and discuss any CPD that aligns to your, and your Schools T&L objectives.  The last submission date is Thursday 30th November 2017, but applications can be submitted between now and the deadline to your Director of Teaching and Learning. Please find the guidance and application form here.

If you require further information or wish to discuss project ideas please do get in contact either with your School Director of Teaching and Learning or myself. If you have yet to receive your School level Teaching and Learning priorities please contact your Director of Teaching and Learning directly.

Planned TIF Project changes from 2018 Onwards

This year’s TIF will run as previous, but from the 2018-19 academic year we will be moving to a system where the TIF will be awarded during one year with the funding made available for the subsequent year. In general terms, the project applications would need to be submitted by approximately the 1st April 2018 so that the awarding of the funding is made by the 1st May thereby giving a three-month lead up to the project dates of 1st August 2018 to 31st July 2019. This would allow sufficient time for all projects to have received any necessary ethical approval and sufficient time to undertake the due diligence of student payment and any further related activity needed before the start of the project. The benefits of such changes are:

  • Sufficient lead in time to the award to allow any ethics and appointment of students/staff with due diligence checks to occur outside the time frame of the award
  • Functionally, TIF awards would be of 12 months duration to allow longer projects
  • Projects would be active during university terms to allow the inclusion of students as participants/Project Assistants, if necessary
  • Data could be collected during the teaching period with analysis and write-up undertaken in the following summer
  • Increased opportunities to involve key partners/stakeholders in the design and development of applied pedagogical projects leading to the possibility of increased educational impact

Transition to the new system

The current TIF will run during this year 2017/18 in a similar way to previous years with the same time frame that project expenditure must be completed by the the end of June 2018 and project work completed before the start of the new term (October 2018).

For next year’s 2018/19 TIF, projects applications will be due by the 1st April 2018 with awards allocated in May 2018 with projects
running from 1st August 2018 to 31st July 2019.


  • Application process from October to 30th Nov —-> Run Project through to June- Oct 2018 (funding must be spent by end of June)


  • Application process to 1st April 2018 —-> Award funding in May —-> Project prep through to July 31st
  • Run project/completion August 2018 through to July 2019

Further announcements will be made in early February 2018 promoting the 2018/19 TIF and application process.

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CANadda Autism Event 31st October

word autism written in a chalkboard

Guest Speakers will include:

  • Dr Niko Kargas from Lincoln School of Psychology on ‘Autism, Research and Innovation: Engaging the Wider Autism Community in Research.’
  • Alan Gardner, Chelsea Flower Show Award Winner, and The Autistic Gardener on ‘How to Deal With Neuro-Typicals.’
  • Ian Jordan, Multi-Sensory Ophthalmic Practitioner on ‘The Different Types of Facial Recognition Problems Found in ASD and When Can They be Treated’.
  • Jon Adams, Autistic Speaker and Flow Observatorium on ‘Eleven Steps to Feeling You Belong: Autism and Mental Health Self-Calm.’
  • Debbie Marshall, Autistic Speaker, Founder and Chair of CANadda on ‘Me and My Family Sensory World.’
  • Tom Schofield, Autistic Speaker on ‘A Mind Alone.’

The event is taking place at the Engine Shed on the 31st October, 9am to 3.30pm.

Tickets are £35, booking deadline is 17th October

Unfortunately, children cannot attend this event.

To book, go to

University of Lincoln to Host Events at the ESRC Festival of Social Science


The University of Lincoln is pleased to be taking part in the Economic and Social Research Council’s Festival of Social Science, which is happening across the UK from the 4th to the 11th of November. Events will include, ‘Imagining a Child-Friendly Lincoln’, which will offer a range of free interactive activities for children and families, and ‘Supporting Victims of Crime in Lincolnshire and Beyond’, a one day conference and public seminar, which will include contributions from the Police and Crime Commissioner, Lincolnshire Police, and the local victims’ support hub, ‘Victim Lincs’.

Keep up to date with what’s going on by following us on Twitter and Instagram

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Staff Nominations For University Honours


The University is inviting any member of staff to make a nomination for someone they feel should be recognised for their work by receiving a University Honour at one of the Graduation ceremonies in September 2018.

The approved honours are:

·         Honorary Doctorate.  Awarded to those who have made a “major contribution to their chosen field at national or international level”.  The field may be education and academia, public service and the community, business and industry, the arts, politics and national leadership, philanthropy or any other area of public benefit.

·         The Chancellor’s Medal.  Awarded to those who have made an exceptional contribution to the people and communities of Lincoln and Greater Lincolnshire.

·         Honorary Fellowship.  Awarded on their retirement to those who have served the University in an outstanding capacity as members of staff or governors.

If you have any nominations, please send them to Tina Horton in the Vice Chancellor’s Office by email:

Please give the full name (including titles) and a short statement of how each nominee meets the appropriate criteria and also include any particular connection the nominee has to Lincolnshire, if any.

Send your nomination by Friday 17 November 2017.

The full Scheme for the Award of Honours can be found on the staff news blog. Please note the section on integrity and confidentiality in particular.

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Dr Meredith Nash to give lecture on what it’s like to be a woman in STEMM

We are really pleased to announce that the Eleanor Glanville Centre’s first International Visiting Scholar, Dr Meredith Nash will be giving a Be Inspired! Lecture:

‘What is it like to be a woman in STEMM? Gender bias, sexual harassment, and the myth of meritocracy’

Meredith Nash is a Senior Lecturer in Sociology and Deputy Director of the Institute for the Study of Social Change at the University of Tasmania. She is at the University of Lincoln as a Visiting Scholar at the Eleanor Glanville Centre and the Health Advancement Research Team. Her research examines the depth and enduring character of gender-based inequalities.

Abstract: Women are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM) fields worldwide, particularly in leadership positions. In this presentation, Dr Nash will discuss her findings from a mixed-methods sociological study drawing on the experiences of 25 women in STEMM fields who were all participants in a three-week transformational leadership program in Antarctica in 2016. She will explore the women’s experiences of science leadership, including challenges they face as women in male-dominated fields and what they think needs to change to help women in STEMM advance.​

Monday 23rd October

17:00 pm lecture, followed by a wine reception

Co-Op Lecture Theatre Minerva Building

Meredith’s key publications include Making Postmodern Mothers: Pregnant Embodiment, Baby Bumps, and Body Image (2012, Palgrave); Reframing Reproduction: Conceiving Gendered Experiences (2014, Palgrave) and Reading Lena Dunham’s Girls: Feminism, Postfeminism, Authenticity and Gendered Performance in Contemporary Television (2017, Palgrave).

 This lecture is free to attend but prior booking is essential

To get your tickets click here

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Lincoln Law Graduate, Jemma Burt on Her Route Into the Legal Profession


Jemma Burt completed a degree in law at the University of Lincoln, graduating in 2011. Very keen on a career in law, but not wishing to study immediately, and conscious of student debt, Jemma opted for paid work and joined Sills & Betteridge LLP in November 2012 as an office assistant. Her aim was to start at the bottom and work her way up.

Commenting Jemma said, “During my time as an office assistant I witnessed several colleagues working towards their Legal Executive qualification, organised and funded by Sills & Betteridge LLP. After a year working as an office assistant I was offered a junior paralegal position in the Personal Injury Department.”

Having taken on her own case load, Jemma opted to also study at the weekends to do the Graduate Fast Track Diploma, and qualified as a Chartered Legal Executive in June 2017.

Jemma added, “I decided that it was the best option for me. It was difficult to study at the same time as learning how to do a new job, but I am really glad now that I chose to take this route. I am grateful to Sills & Betteridge LLP for the opportunities they have offered me. I started at the Firm without any office or legal experience and I am now a Chartered Legal Executive. I would not have been able to do this without their support.”

Her next goal is to become an Accredited Personal Injury Practitioner under the SRA scheme.

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